How to Write a Thesis Statement

How to Write a Thesis Statement

A thesis statement refers to a statement that a writer or author can prove with evidence). A thesis statement is not necessarily factual, but a writer can do research and develop a thesis statement by thinking critically about the research. The purpose of the thesis statement is to shape the entire project by providing a perspective or angle through which a writer presents his or her ideas. The thesis statement is ideally written after the writer describes the statement of purpose for the research topic and conducts relevant research about the topic. In academic research topics, the thesis statement is written in the introduction and evidence to support the thesis statement is presented in the body of the research. The conclusion of the research should restate the thesis statement and summarize the evidence.

Writing a Thesis Statement

The kind of paper the author is writing determines the thesis statement topic. There are three common categories of papers:

  • Analytical
  • Expository
  • Argumentative

An analytical paper break down an issue into its constituent elements, evaluates the issue, and presents all dynamics of the issue and the evaluation to the reader. An expository paper explains a specific subject to the audience. The aim of an argumentative paper is to make a claim and use evidence to justify the claim. The claim in the argumentative paper could be an opinion, evaluation, policy proposal, or interpretation. Although the paper may fall under a different category other than the three common ones, including a thesis statement in the introduction is helpful to the readers. The thesis statement should appear at the end of the introduction. It should be specific and supported by evidence.
It is imperative to review the statement of purpose and the research that the author has conducted when writing the thesis statement. The author chooses the thesis statement based on available evidence to support the topic. However, the thesis statement should be a simple fact, and it should be provable with strong evidence from reliable sources. Another approach to writing a thesis statement involves defining a problem, stating opinions, and nominating a possible solution to the problem. The author can support this solution with evidence from reliable sources.

Tips on Writing a Thesis Statement

The thesis statement should be an argument that discusses, explores, and answers questions. It should not be a question because an argument is necessary for structuring a thesis. A thesis statement should not include lists since this does not advance arguments and tension necessary for captivating the audience. Moreover, the thesis statement should not be combative or confrontational. The author should avoid words like ' evil' since they portray a judgmental and biased point of view. Clear and precise thesis statements are effective compared to those statements with overused terms and abstractions.


A thesis statement shapes a research topic because it guides the approach an author adopts in presenting material. It is not required to be a fact, but an argument that can be supported with evidence from reliable sources. The thesis statement should be derived from the statement of purpose and the research conducted on the topic. An effective thesis statement is clear and specific.