How to Write an Extended Essay: Definition, Topics, Outline

extended essay

IB students might be asked to write an extended essay. While it requires patience and effort to do so, the students should be well-prepared to build their ideas if they have used the reflection sessions purposefully. Additionally, there is an extended essay step-by-step guide prepared by our essay service experts, preventing you from asking "how to write an extended essay" further.

An Extended Essay - Definition

An extended essay usually consists of a 3,500-4000 word limit (around 20 typed pages) and is required for an international baccalaureate (IB) and any college-level course. Your first draft might even be around 8000 words. It is designed to highlight the writer's depth of knowledge on a particular subject. Students must carry out independent research on a subject of their selection. It is frequently assigned at the culmination of the study period proving the student's comprehension and command of the topics for extended essay.

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Choosing Extended Essay Topics

IB extended essay topics should be broad enough to require 4,000 words of research and explanation to fully show the knowledge acquired but narrow enough so the writer can go into depth without missing any key components. For example, if asked to write an extended English essay, the subject of British writers of the 1800s would be exhaustive. However, focusing on lesser-known works of Charles Dickens to gain insight into England in the 1800s would be a more powerful presentation.

To help you choose the topics for extended essay:

  1. Start with what you know about the extended essay topic and create a list of 3-5 general or broad ideas. You might even write a world studies essay, for example.
  2. From these, break them down into 3-5 smaller topics.
  3. Review this second list of nine or more possibilities.

This list is likely to be the focus that will give you the right balance of breadth and depth of information. Finally, be on the lookout for a topic that inspires you. The more interesting you find it, the more likely your reader will be engaged, and the writing process will be easier.

Extended Essay Outline

Are you wondering about "how to write an extended essay outline?." Well, first note that it is not recommended that you simply start writing, even if you have all the research you need. The organization is important to your overall success. The first step is developing the extended essay outline as research is done and ideas or insights are decided. Next, ask yourself several key questions to present and answer throughout your essay. Make certain you are clear about why these questions are significant, why they deserve or need to be answered, and what the answers do to illuminate the topic of your essay.

Outlining using this questioning technique builds a logical and sequential composition and helps you be more productive and clear. For example, if you want to answer three central questions, you will aim to write an essay with around 1,000 words on each question, along with a 500-word introduction and a 500-word conclusion. Breaking your thinking and research process down this way helps to keep you moving forward without dealing with an overwhelming feeling of anxiety.

List all of your primary and secondary research sources in order of importance. Then, tell the audience how these sources are useful and provide them with knowledge regarding a source's shortcomings or limitations.


Extended essay IB includes three major sections - an introduction, followed by the body, then a conclusion. Before explaining the extended essay organization, you might want to use proper do my essay service. Meanwhile, let's take a look at the following explanation:

Next time you ask yourself - "how to write an intro for the extended essay?," remember that the introduction should include facts about the topic, its importance and offer general information on what is to come on the following pages. While introducing an IB Extended Essay, the research question must also be included. You may be surprised to learn a trick for writing a strong introduction is to write it last. For example, suppose you write a Biology extended essay on sugar's contribution to obesity in America. In that case, chances are you will be able to write an introduction that leads into your work after the body of the paper is complete. Now that we answered your question about how to write an introduction for an extended essay, it's time to explore the next sections.

The main body takes most of the word count and presents your questions, research, and results. Here is where the knowledge and work of the writer come forward. It needs to be presented in a way that explains, educates, and offers insights into the three to five main points you decided to cover. Most writing time on the extended essay will be used for this central portion.

The paper ends with a conclusion. While the bulk of the writing time goes into the body, much thought must go into its conclusion. Like the dessert of a meal, this can make or break the work's success. The conclusion has the weighty job of being inclusive of the information presented, offering final memorable insights, and leaving the reader knowing they have learned something about the presented topic and the author's skills. Therefore, when planning the workflow of the essay, sufficient time to craft the conclusion needs to be considered.

extended essay organization

Title Page

It is important to create a title page for the final presentation, also known as an extended essay cover page. There are many visual extended essay examples online to help you, and the process is quite basic.

The title page format starts with the title centered and written about one-third of the way down the page with any subtitle directly beneath it. For a Psychology extended essay, an example would be:

The Rise of Anxiety in Children, and beneath that, you could include: How Post 9/11 Childhoods are Influenced by Fear.

After this, skip 3-5 lines and, putting one on each line, type your name, your IB number if this is the international baccalaureate, subject, date, school, and word count. Again, all of this remains centered.


An extended essay is a chance for a student to shine by showing the depth of knowledge, writing skills, and original thoughts on a subject. Should you use a write an essay online service, be certain that they are knowledgeable about your topic in addition to proper IB extended essay format. Always take the time to edit and proofread work before submitting it. The extended essay is an excellent culmination of study and commitment when organized and presented. Don't forget to talk to your IB program coordinator if you need help choosing an advisor!

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