How to Write a Case Study

How to Write a Case Study

A case study is a detailed study of a certain phenomenon, event, person, or organization. You may have the task to conduct one for your discipline. Of course, you may exclaim, “write my essay for me,” but if it is not your case, then this guide will be helpful. The case study format follows the general pattern of academic writing with a few distinct touches. A case study fits perfectly for evaluating and describing different aspects of a research problem.

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What is a Case Study? 

A case study is a perfect academic choice when you want to gain in-depth knowledge concerning some real-world subject but don’t have time for a large-scale research proposal. There is no strict answer for the “how long should a case study be” question. As long as it covers the actual case and has a grounding, you may go with any volume unless you have direct instructions for the word count.

You may look for an example of a case study to have an idea of how one may look. A case study may have a format of a formal academic paper, like a research, thesis, or term paper. Another variant is a case study in a more narrative format, like in textual or discourse analysis. 

Case Study Types 

Case studies have different types that can be applied in various fields of research. If you ask for help from an essay writer, they will conduct any of them.  Each of the types may be a case study format for students. Therefore, when you conduct your research, you should apply the most fitting one. There are six common case study types: 

  • A collective case study. Collective case studies focus on a certain group of people. The study may research the setting in which the individuals live or particular features of the group. 
  • A descriptive case study. A case study of this type focuses on a detailed description of a certain phenomenon and theories related to it. The subject is observed, described, and compared with the theories on it that existed before. 
  • An explanatory case study. Researchers apply this type when they want to learn about the conditions and origins of a certain phenomenon to occur. 
  • An exploratory case study. This type of case study is used as a preparation for bigger-scaled research. It allows gathering more information before developing research questions and hypotheses. 
  • An instrumental case study. This type of case study analysis allows researchers to understand more about the subject than what was learned about it initially.
  • An intrinsic case study.  This case study implies the personal interest of a researcher in a case. For example, Jean Piaget’s observation of his children. 

Case Study Structure 

The case study structure slightly deviates from a regular academic 5 paragraph essay.  The case study requires a literature review, method description, and discussion of the case. 

A case study outline must include the next sections: 

  • Introduction. In this section, you provide a roadmap of your research, scope, and purpose. 
  • Literature Review. Literature review in a case study is similar to regular academic writing. However, it focuses on providing the background information and historical context of the case. 
  • Method. In this section, you explain why your case fits perfectly for the research problem analysis. 
  • Discussion. This section focuses on the key findings of the research. 
  • Conclusion. As in the rest of academic writings, the conclusion section sums up your findings and emphasizes the key elements of your research. 


Besides providing the outline of the research and its background, a case study introduction must include information concerning why the case was being used and how it is related to the issue. The introduction for a case study should answer the next questions: what subject is studied? Why is it important to study it? What is known about the subject before the case analysis? How will this case study improve the understanding of the subject? 

Each of the questions needs to be addressed in a few paragraphs of a case study introduction example. If you have a more complex assignment, then the questions may be expanded. Describe the problem of the case study assignment and how a case for the research is linked to it. Include the elements that will help to understand the problem deeper. Explain why the research problem is significant and how the design of a case study is addressing this problem. 

You need to provide the information known before the case study analysis. This part will lead to the following in-depth literature analysis. If it is possible, summarize the information already known and how your analysis of the case study will contribute to this knowledge. Besides, explain how your contribution will be useful for a deeper understanding of the research problem.

Literature Review 

The literature review section does not simply restate the already known facts. It summarizes the prior research in the context of the case analyzed and related to the research problem. When you order an essay, don’t forget to mention this section. You should follow case study guidelines to conduct a competent literature review section: 

  • Place the sources in the context of the research problem. In this part, you will justify why you need to include the research made previously and why they are relevant to your study. 
  • Include the description of the links between the works and the case study at hand. The major criterion of a good literature review is the relevance toward the research problem. 
  • If it is possible, outline the new ways of the prior research interpretation in your case-study. This part is optional but may help to reveal new perspectives on the research problem.
  • In your case study sample, try to resolve the prior contradictions in the previous studies. Synthesize the information from the previous studies and describe how the case you study may help to resolve present issues. 
  • An important part of the literature review section is pointing out the vector for further research. Describe how your approach toward the research problem helps to determine additional research and questions to the research issue.
  • Fill the gap in the preexisting research. Your literature review should include the section where you describe which parts of the research problem were not covered in the background literature and how you may fill this gap with your case study. 
  • Finally, point out which place your case study takes in the research problem discourse. Answering the question “how to write a case study paper,” you should demonstrate the understanding of the research question and that you studied the subject thoroughly before conducting the case study. 


The discussion section for a case study research paper usually combines the results of the study and their implications. First of all, restate a research problem. Then, describe the findings of your case study that are related to the research problem. Highlight unexpected and especially profound results of the case study. 

Second, explain the meaning of your results and why they are important for the research problem. You may reiterate the most important findings of your case study paper and then carefully review them. Third, draw a connection between your study results and the previous researches. A case study cannot exist in itself without a relation to the scientific background. 

Finally, suggest the questions for further research. Your in-depth analysis could provide a new insight or an unexpected issue that can’t be answered in this particular case study.


Finish writing a case study with a conclusion. The conclusion section should not simply repeat the key findings from the discussion. Describe how the findings of your case study report differ or how they support the previous research. If your case study has a complex argument, then you should restate it in conclusion to draw a clear description of your research significance. Define the key findings’ importance if you did not do it in the discussion section or made it too brief. Finally, reiterate the scientific background and connection to the prior research. The conclusion section must highlight the key parts of your case study. 

Depending on the discipline in which you conduct a case study, you may be asked to provide your reflection on the case study.

How to do a Case Study? 

Choose a Case 

It may seem that writing case studies is a daunting and challenging task. If you are not sure about your academic writing capabilities, you may always ask for essay help. However, if you are willing to conduct a case study of your own, then follow these guidelines.

You should start creating a case study with a research problem. It is an issue in the real world that is actual, relevant, and can be discussed through particular cases. After you define the problem, you need to select a case that will represent it. 

A good case easily answers the question “how to make a case study.” A decent case follows the next criteria:

  • It provides an unusual view of the research problem. 
  • It challenges existing theories and assumptions in regards to the case study. 
  • A good case study opens new perspectives on further researches. 

Unlike experimental or quantitative research, a case study cannot rely on a random or representative case. Case studies try to focus on unusual, unconventional, and neglected cases of a research problem. 

Collect your Data 

A vital part of writing a case study paper is the data collection. If you apply for an essay writing service, this part will be provided as well, and you will have a list of reliable sources for your academic paper. Data collection relies on qualitative methods of research such as interviews, analysis of the secondary sources, and observations. While data gathering, you may write a case study outline, making notes for the literature review and discussion sections. Take notes on the contradictions in the sources, their relevance to the research problem, and what conclusions you may draw from the sources. 

If you are wondering how to conduct a case study effectively, you need to consider one important factor. A well-done collection of data will help you write сoherently and with a sole focus on the research problem. 

Analyze the case 

Finally, provide the analysis of the case study. There is no single standard scheme of how to analysis a case study. Some of them follow a strict academic structure. Others follow a more narrative style of analysis. You may look for a case analysis example to have a grasp on how to conduct the analysis of a case. When you buy essay, you receive a full-fledged and competent analysis of your case. 

The point of the case analysis is to provide a new view angle on the research problem. It may be an unusual method of perception, finding new benefits from the issue, or, on the contrary, highlighting obscured drawbacks of the case researched. For example, you may discuss how the morning jog may harm one’s health and provide a recommendation for medical consultation before engaging in physical activities. The analysis depends on the clarity of the research problem and data collected

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