How to Write an Argumentative Essay and Make Your Point Easily

argumentative essay

Ever wanted to compose an essay that really convinces people? This guide is like your how-to manual for making that happen. We'll show you each step, from figuring out your main point to dealing with different opinions.

Think of your essay as a cool superhero story, using real facts and logic to win everyone over. Unlike other essays, where you just try to persuade, an argumentative essay digs into the facts, using studies and sources to back up what they say. Whether you are a writing pro or a beginner, let's transform your thoughts into impactful words with our argumentative essay writing service experts.

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What Is an Argumentative Essay?

An argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the author to investigate a particular topic, gather and evaluate evidence, and establish a clear position on the subject. The primary goal is to present a compelling argument, supported by logical reasoning and credible evidence, in order to persuade the audience to adopt or accept the writer's viewpoint.

Key elements of an argumentative essay include a well-defined thesis statement that articulates the author's stance, a comprehensive analysis of the topic, and a structured presentation of supporting evidence. An argumentative essay actively involves the writer in taking a position on a controversial issue and defending it with a strong, persuasive claim.

The effectiveness of an argumentative essay lies in the writer's ability to present a well-reasoned and evidence-supported argument while acknowledging and countering opposing viewpoints. Overall, it serves as a platform for critical thinking, analysis, and persuasion, encouraging readers to critically evaluate the presented ideas and possibly reconsider their own perspectives on the given topic. For those seeking further guidance in compiling relevant sources and crafting compelling arguments, write my annotated bibliography services provide valuable support in conducting thorough research.

3 Key Argument Types and How to Apply Them

When it comes to making a point, not all arguments are created equal. Enter Aristotelian, Toulmin, and Rogerian approaches—three great ways to get your message across. Each has its own tricks up its sleeve, helping you persuade people in different ways. Let's see how they can turn your words into powerful tools of influence.


The Aristotelian approach to argumentation, inspired by the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, is a versatile and time-tested method that encompasses ethos, pathos, and logos—three pillars of persuasive communication.

  1. Ethos (credibility): Aristotelian rhetoric begins by establishing the credibility of the speaker. This involves demonstrating expertise, authority, and trustworthiness on the subject at hand. By doing so, the speaker builds a foundation of trust with the audience, making the claim more convincing.
  2. Pathos (emotional appeal): To engage the audience emotionally, Aristotelian argumentation incorporates pathos. This entails using language and examples that evoke emotions, creating a connection between the argument and the audience's feelings. By appealing to emotions, the speaker can make the audience more receptive to the intended message.
  3. Logos (logical reasoning): The backbone of an Aristotelian argument is logos, which relies on logical reasoning and evidence. Presenting facts, statistics, and a well-structured rationale reinforces the validity of the assertion. Logos appeals to the audience's sense of reason, providing a solid foundation for the overall persuasiveness of the message.


The Toulmin model, devised by philosopher Stephen Toulmin, offers a structured approach to crafting persuasive arguments by emphasizing evidence and reasoning. This method breaks down the components of argumentative writing into key elements:

  1. Claim: At the core of a Toulmin argument is the claim, the main point, or thesis that the speaker is advocating in their essay. This claim serves as the focal point around which the entire argument revolves.
  2. Data (evidence): Supporting the claim requires providing solid evidence. In the Toulmin model, this evidence is referred to as data. It can include facts, statistics, examples, or expert opinions—anything that reinforces the validity of the claim.
  3. Warrant (reasoning): The warrant is the logical bridge between the claim and the data. It explains why the evidence supports the claim and provides the reasoning that connects the two. A clear warrant strengthens the overall persuasiveness of the assertion in the essay.
  4. Backing: Sometimes, additional support is needed to strengthen the warrant. This support is called backing and can include further evidence or reasoning that reinforces the validity of the warrant.
  5. Qualifier: Acknowledging the limitations or scope of your position is done through the qualifier. This element adds nuance by indicating the degree of certainty or applicability of the claim under specific conditions.
  6. Rebuttal (counter-argument): Toulmin arguments recognize that opposing viewpoints exist. Including a rebuttal in your essay addresses potential counter-arguments, reinforcing the strength of the overall assertion.


The Rogerian argument, developed by psychologist Carl Rogers, takes a unique and empathetic approach to persuasion, focusing on building understanding and finding common ground between differing viewpoints. Rather than emphasizing confrontation, the Rogerian method seeks to establish a cooperative and respectful conversation.

  1. Introduction of the issue: A Rogerian argument begins by presenting the issue in a neutral and objective manner. The goal is to create an environment where both sides feel their perspectives are acknowledged and respected.
  2. Expression of opposing views: Instead of immediately refuting opposing views in your essay, the Rogerian approach encourages an open exploration of different perspectives. This involves articulating the opposing views with empathy and understanding, showing a genuine effort to appreciate the complexity of the issue.
  3. Identification of common ground: It actively seeks common ground between conflicting viewpoints. By identifying shared values, concerns, or goals, it aims to establish a foundation for constructive dialogue and collaboration.
  4. Presentation of the speaker's perspective: Once a sense of mutual understanding is established, the speaker introduces their own perspective. This is done in a non-confrontational manner, emphasizing the shared values or concerns that align with both sides.
  5. Acknowledgment of opposing views: The speaker acknowledges the validity of opposing views without necessarily agreeing with them. This acknowledgment demonstrates a genuine respect for differing opinions and reinforces the cooperative nature of the discussion.
  6. Conclusion with a call to action: The assertion concludes by proposing a course of action or resolution that considers the shared values or goals identified throughout the discussion. This collaborative approach encourages a positive and constructive response from the audience.

Argumentative Essay Outline

Crafting a compelling argumentative essay is made more manageable with a well-organized outline. This roadmap not only guides your writing process but also ensures that your proposition unfolds logically for the reader. Here's a simple and effective argumentative essay outline according to our essay writers:

1. Introduction:

  • Hook: Capture the reader's attention with a compelling hook—a quote, a question, a surprising fact, or a vivid anecdote related to your essay topic.
  • Background: Provide a brief context or background information on the issue to give readers a clear understanding of the subject.
  • Thesis statement: Clearly state your main argument or position on the issue. This serves as the focal point of your argumentative essay.

2. Body paragraphs:

  • Topic sentence: Begin each body paragraph with a clear topic sentence that introduces the main point of the paragraph.
  • Supporting evidence: Present relevant facts, statistics, examples, or quotations that support your proposition. This is where you showcase the strength of your position.
  • Analysis: Explain the significance of the evidence and how it relates to your thesis. Connect the dots for the reader and reinforce the validity of your argument.
  • Counterargument (optional): Address potential counterarguments to strengthen your position. This demonstrates a thorough understanding of the issue and enhances the credibility of your argumentative essay.

3. Counterargument (if not included in body paragraphs):

  • Address counterarguments: Acknowledge opposing viewpoints in your essay and provide a thoughtful response. This shows that you have considered different perspectives before reaffirming your position.

4. Conclusion:

  • Restate thesis: Summarize your main claim by restating your thesis statement in a fresh way.
  • Review main points: Provide a concise review of the key points discussed in the body paragraphs. Reinforce the significance of your proposition.
  • Closing statement: End your essay with a strong closing statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader. This could be a call to action, a prediction, or a thought-provoking question.

How to Write a Thesis Statement for an Argumentative Essay?

At the heart of every compelling piece, be it an argumentative or descriptive essay, is a well-crafted thesis statement. In this section, we'll explain how to create a persuasive thesis statement and set the stage for a compelling and impactful essay.

thesis statement for argumentative essay
  1. Precision is key - Craft a clear, specific, and unambiguous thesis statement. Avoid vagueness to ensure your main argumentative claim is immediately apparent to the reader.
  2. Stake a controversial claim - Present a debatable claim, taking a stance on a controversial issue. A strong argumentative thesis should invite discussion and disagreement.
  3. Focus on specific issues - Narrow your thesis to specific aspects of the topic rather than attempting to cover the entire issue. This allows for a more in-depth exploration of key issues in your essay.
  4. Acknowledge limitations - Clearly state any qualifications or limitations in your thesis. This demonstrates a nuanced understanding of the topic and adds sophistication to your proposition.
  5. Roadmap for the reader - Ensure your argumentative thesis sets the stage for the main arguments. It should provide a clear roadmap, outlining key points to be addressed in the body paragraphs, establishing coherence throughout the essay.

Understanding 5 Types of Argumentative Claims

Once you've figured out your argument and crafted a clear thesis statement, think about how you want to present your case. Unlike, for example, an expository essay, there are five types of arguments you can use:

  1. Fact: Check if your main statement is true or false.
  2. Definition: Explain what you're arguing by combining the dictionary definition with your own take on it.
  3. Value: Talk about why what you're arguing is important.
  4. Cause and effect: Look at what causes the issue in your argumentative essay and what happens as a result.
  5. Policy: Explain why your argumentative assertion matters and suggest what the reader should do about it after reading.

How to Write an Argumentative Essay with 9 Easy Steps

Similar to the process of learning how to write a narrative essay, creating an argumentative essay becomes a breeze with these simple steps tailored for success:

how to write an argumentative essay

1. Pin down a specific topic:

  • Choose a focused and intriguing essay topic that lends itself to a clear claim. The more specific, the easier it is to dive into persuasive details.

2. Nail your thesis statement:

  • Craft a strong and concise thesis statement that crisply conveys your main argument. It's the compass guiding your readers through your persuasive journey.

3. Sketch out your blueprint:

  • Create a straightforward outline. Segregate your essay into intro, body paragraphs, and conclusion, assigning each section a unique role in advancing your declaration.

4. Kick off with impact:

  • Launch your essay with a captivating introduction. Utilize a hook, provide some context, and close with a powerful thesis statement that leaves no doubt about your stance.

5. Power up your body paragraphs:

  • Dedicate individual essay paragraphs to different facets of your assertion. Kick off with a strong topic sentence, support it with evidence, and explain how that evidence bolsters your argumentative thesis.

6. Tackle opposing views:

  • Show your depth of understanding by addressing counterarguments. It adds weight to your essay and reinforces your persuasive prowess.

7. Sign off with a bang:

  • Summarize your argumentative points in the conclusion, rephrase your thesis, and wrap up with a statement that lingers in your reader's mind.

8. Polish and perfect:

  • Scrutinize your essay for clarity, coherence, and grammar. Smooth out any rough edges, and consider seeking feedback for that extra polish.

9. Lock in your final draft:

  • Implement revisions based on feedback and your own review. Ensure your argumentative essay is polished, refined, and ready to make an impact.
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Mark Bradford

Mark Bradford, a passionate and talented artist, utilizes his innovative spirit to support academic pursuits. In partnering with EssayHub, he leverages his artistic insights to assist students as a professional essay writer, helping them navigate and complete their academic assignments at every level of difficulty.

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